The legal scope of biotechnology is reflected in the biotechnological process which, in short, is a procedure or process of genetic alteration. Biotechnology law is closely associated with pharmaceutical law, intellectuall property law, patent law, licensing law and business law. Biotechnology law is a highly specialized field of law that has been rapidly growing with applications in the fields of medicine, aquatics, agriculture and industry.
Biotechnology can be defined as the manipulation of microorganisms to perform certain processes and is largely identified with genetic engineering. The procedure usually involves the transfer of genes from one living entity into another, or into a synthetic compound, using advanced recombinant DNA technology. It includes any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or their derivatives, to create, manufacture, modify or adapt plants, products, goods, animals or processes for specific use.